Parents of children with eczema do their best to control the disease. However, in some cases, eczema persists despite the preventative measures and treatment. Here are some tips on how to treat this condition.
Eczema is the atopic skin disease that often occurs in children, causing suffering in them and their parents as well. Most of the parents of such children are familiar with different basic treatments, preventive measures, and ways to control the disease. However, the best efforts may be useless and eczema sometimes persists. In this case, every possible way to ease the condition should be considered. So, here are some ways to treat eczema and useful tips on them.
If you are a parent of a child suffering from frequent eczema flares, you have probably already been trying to control them with steroid or non-steroidal ointment or cream. Sometimes parents give their children antihistamine to ease itching. The first and the most obvious tip is to consult a doctor before trying any medication of this sort.
Also, you probably apply moisturizers on your child’s skin to ease the inconvenience. So, here’s the second tip: never apply eczema medications on top of other skincare products as this way they simply won’t work.
As for moisturizers, they are really helpful as they are able to reduce flare-ups. They work especially well when applied right after taking a bath or shower. As for washing, other tips to prevent eczema flares are to avoid using too hot water and harsh soaps. It is also necessary to keep the child’s fingernails short to prevent skin further damage.
One more advice is to avoid all known eczema triggers like dust mites, wrong clothes, eating the wrong food, and overheating. It is also desirable to wash children’s clothes with hypoallergic “baby” detergents.
Unfortunately, in case of hard-to-control eczema even all the above-mentioned measures might not help. The best option in this case is to improve the existing treatment plan together with an experienced pediatric dermatologist and learn even more about the disease.
The possible consequence of hard-to-control eczema is a secondary skin infection. If the child’s skin is red and is covered with characteristic crusts and blisters, there is likely a bacterial infection.
Many dermatologists believe that most children with eczema are affected with Staph. aureus (MRSA) bacteria sooner or later and it is able to provoke more eczema flares. In fact, this suggestion was proven by a series of studies. So, in the presence of certain symptoms, many doctors would recommend taking certain tests to determine the exact type of bacteria affecting your child and prescribe traditional eczema treatments in combination with a respective antibiotic (perioral or topical).
There are some ways to prevent eczema flares from starting all over again after stopping the treatment.
Sometimes, the pediatric dermatologists recommend using a stepped-down therapeutic approach. This means that instead of pausing or stopping using a certain steroid anti-eczema ointment, you replace it with another medication of lower strength for some period. One more approach is to apply steroid cream every day to every other day. Doctors may also prescribe a mixture of a steroid with a moisturizer for a better effect.
Applying a higher-strength medication in the areas of the most severe inflammation while using moderate-strength steroid on other areas may be helpful as well. In this case, you should remember that high-strength ointments and creams can be used only for several days in a row.
Some parents use warm diluted bleach baths (adding about 1/4 cup of bleach to a bathtub) every week. This sort of treatment prevents staph infections, but it should be used only under the guidance of dermatologist as it may make the irritation even worse. The child should stay in such a bath for 10 to 20 minutes and after that, you should rinse him off with water well, dry, and apply a moisturizer.
Some more alternative treatments, usually used in the most severe cases, include coal tar-based lotions and shampoos, cyclosporine, and ultraviolet light.